Each year, millions of tons of woody biomass, agriculture residues, MSW and RDF, lignite, sludge as well as paper mill residues and black liquor are produced. ThermoChem Recovery International, Inc. can transform these waste materials into fuels – from every day diesel fuel to jet fuel. Not only can this technology divert these waste materials from landfills, it can create something every person uses – fuel.
According to the “Woody Biomass for Bioenergy and Biofuels in the United States—A Briefing Paper” July, 2010, White, Eric M., every year solid waste and construction produces 14 million tonnes of woody biomass, and the forestry industry produces about 64 million tonnes. Woody biomass is essentially everything wood; lumber companies will use the main bulk of the wood, but the roots, bark and leaves are considered woody biomass. The construction biomass is leftover wood and materials that cannot be used for anything else, and is considered waste. As for solid waste biomass, that is all of the wood products that would normally go to the landfill – such as old wooden furniture and the like.
There are a lot of chickens in the United States – in fact, eight billion chickens are consumed in the U.S. every year (Purdue University, Food Animal Education Network). All of those chickens, plus turkeys as well, result in something called poultry litter – essentially bedding material and manure. Each of the 65,000 broiler and turkey production houses in the U.S. produces about 65 tons per year of excess poultry litter (Foundation for Organic Resources Management, Inc.). In total, that’s 4.22 million tons of poultry litter that cannot be used as fertilizer.
There are other agricultural residues, as well – all of the stalks, stubble (stems), leaves and seed pods left over after harvesting a crop; as well as animal manure and slurries.
MSW and RDF
Municipal solid waste is what makes up the bulk of our landfills; in 2013, 254.1 million tons of MSW was generated (“Advancing Sustainable Materials Management: 2013 Fact Sheet” June, 2015 United States Environmental Protection Agency).
Paper mill residues and black liquor
Although many paper mills are shutting down due to a drop in need for paper (especially newspaper mills), there are tons of mill residue being processed. In 2007, 1.3 million dry tons of mill residue was not reused (SunGrant BioWeb). Paper mills also produce black liquor, a byproduct of the kraft pulping process, but this is usually reused at the plant itself.
There is definitely no shortage of waste that can be converted into fuel by ThermoChem Recovery International, Inc. This process is one of the most environmentally friendly techniques available today.